Skip to main content
Short facts instead of long texts

Nagaland in a nutshell


Nagaland short and crisp

The most important information about Nagaland in a table
Below you will find everything you need to know about Nagaland clearly summarized in a table. If something important is not explained for you, please do not hesitate to contact us.
Location In the remote mountains of northeast India, between Myanmar (Burma) in the east and three other northeast Indian states: Arunachal Pradesh in the north-east, Assam in the north and west, Manipur in the south.
Area 16,527 km²
Population 1,980,602/ 119 per km² (2011)
Capital Kohima
Districts 11: Dimapur, Kiphire, Kohima, Longleng, Mokokchung, Mon, Peren, Phek, Tuensang, Wokha, Zunheboto
Topography Almost everywhere mountainous with Saramati Peak (3841 m above sea level) as the highest mountain on the border with Burma. Other mountains include Glory Peak (2233 m above sea level), Veda Peak and Japfu Peak (3048 m above sea level). The average altitude of the country is 900 to 1200 m above sea level. The terrain is bisected by many rivers, including the Dhansiri, Doyang, Dikhu, Milak, Tizu, Zunki and Melak rivers.</td
Vegetation Immense green rainforest to subalpine high forests rich in bamboo, fir trees, orchids and rhododendrons. The subtropical rainforests in the lower areas are rich in biodiversity and medicinal plants. The forest covers about 33% of the country
Animal world The diverse vegetation is home to many rare plants and animals such as tigers, leopards, bears, rhinos, wild elephants, Gayal cattle, Mithun buffaloes (Bos Frontalis), gibbons and birds, including the rare hornbills (Tragopan Blythii).
Climate Subtropical to temperate depending on altitude. The year can be divided into three seasons: Summer (warm and humid) from March to May, monsoon (humid and very humid) from June to September and winter (cool to cold and dry) from December to February. In February and March, strong north-westerly winds sweep across the country and in April and May, short, heavy rainfalls are to be expected. Pleasant climate in spring and fall
Temperatures Summer: from 16 °C to 31 °C, winter: from -5 °C to 24 °C, lowest temperatures in December and January
Precipitation 1750 to 2500 mm per year, 80% of the rain falls during the monsoon
Languages Nagamese as lingua franca, numerous languages and dialects of the various tribes with Tibeto-Burmese roots; Assamese, Hindi and English (official language).
Ethnicities 16 tribes: Angami, Rengma, Zeliang, Kuki, Kachari, Chakhesang, Lochurn, Chang, Ao, Konyak, Lhom, Khiamniungam, Vimchunger, Sangtam, Lotha, Sumi
Religions 90 % Christians (Baptists), almost 8 % Hindus and almost 2 % Muslims; however, the original animism/shamanism combined with ancestor worship is still widespread among the people
Economy Agriculture
Travel Flight to Kolkata or Delhi. From Delhi onward flight to Guwahati and Dimapur or from Kolkata direct flight to Dimapur, Nagaland’s only airport not far from the Assam border. Onward journey from Dimapur or Guwahati airport by jeep.
Visa / entry permit A passport valid for at least six months and a visa are required to enter India. An entry permit for Nagaland is also required. We will organize this RAP – Restricted Area Permit – for Nagaland for you in advance of the tour
Vaccination recommendations Vaccinations against hepatitis A, polio, tetanus combined with diphtheria are strongly recommended if the last vaccination was more than 10 years ago. You will receive detailed vaccination recommendations from us upon registration.</td