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Short facts instead of long texts

Meghalaya in a nutshell


Meghalaya short and crisp

The most important information about Meghalaya in a table

Below you will find everything you need to know about Meghalaya clearly summarized in a table. If something important is not explained for you, please do not hesitate to contact us.

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Location Meghalaya is one of the seven sister states in the remote northeast of India and has a northern, inland border with the state of Assam and a southern border with Bangladesh.
Area 22429 km²
Population approx. 2.964 million/ 132 per km² (2011)
Capital Shillong
Districts 7: East Khasi Hills, West Khasi Hills, East Garo Hills, West Garo Hills, South Garo Hills, Jaintia Hills and Ri-Bhoi
Topography Central, gently undulating rocky plateau at an average altitude of 1500 m above sea level with grass/scrubland and pastures, rivers and streams. The south is dominated by mountainous terrain with gorges and waterfalls, while the north is a flatter hilly landscape interspersed with wetlands at altitudes of up to 820 m above sea level. At 1965 m above sea level, Shillong Peak is Meghalaya’s highest peak. The Garo Hills in the west with their tropical temperatures are between 450 and 600 m high. A large number of rivers drain the hilly state towards the north to Assamu and towards the south to the lowlands of Bangladesh.
Vegetation About 70% of the national territory is forested, almost 10,000 m² of it in the form of lush, subtropical forests consisting mainly of sal trees Tectona grandis and teak Shorea robusta. In the temperate zone, the pine forest dominates. The forests are also rich in essays plants such as orchids, and a variety of succulents, shrubs (rhododendrons) and perennials thrive in Meghalaya.
Animal world Diverse fauna with large mammals such as the Indian leopard, elephants, bears, countless species of monkeys and deer, reptiles and around 660 different bird species. The insect world in particular is exceptionally rich in species as the habitat in the many caves offers a complementary niche.
Climate Tropical, subtropical and temperate regions, depending on altitude. Heavy monsoon rains in summer.
Temperatures At the height of Shillong, temperatures below 0 °C are possible from December to February, otherwise it is pleasant at 15-28 °C throughout the year. In the Garo Hills, temperatures drop to a minimum of 2 °C, but can rise to 36 °C in summer.
Precipitation An average of 11,500 mm of rainfall per year, the southern slopes are among the rainiest in the world. The monsoon begins at the end of April and sometimes lasts until mid-October, during which time almost 90% of the total annual rainfall occurs.
Languages Khasi, Garo, Bengali, Nepali, Hindi, Marathi, Asamiya, Maram, Rabha, Koch; English is widely spoken as a foreign language and third official language.
Ethnicities Around 86% of the population belong to one of the original tribal peoples, mainly Khasis, Garos and Jaintias (Pnar). The rest of the population is made up of Bengalis, Nepalese and immigrants from other parts of India.
Religions Christianity (approx. 70% of the population), Hinduism (approx. 13%), shamanistic (nature) religions (approx. 12%), Islam (approx. 4%)
Economy The main agricultural products are rice, maize, wheat, mustard and rapeseed for cooking oil. Potatoes, vegetables (cauliflower, cabbage and turnips), fruits (plums, citrus fruits, pineapple, papya, banana, jackfruit) are also grown. Jute and cotton are cultivated almost exclusively in the Garo Hills. Potatoes, ginger, turmeric, black pepper, betel nut, laurel, plums, honey and jackfruit are important export products. Minable raw materials are coal, sillimanite, kaolin, granite and lime. Tourism is to be expanded as a further economic mainstay.
Journey Flight to Kolkota or Delhi in India. From there by flight (Jet Airways or Indian Airlines) to Guwahati. From Guwahati airport in Assam, drive to Shillong (approx. 4 hours)
Visa / entry permit A passport valid for at least six months and a visa are required to enter India. An additional entry permit is also required for Meghalaya, which we will be happy to organize.
Vaccination recommendations Hepatitis A, polio (polio), tetanus combined with diphtheria are strongly recommended if the last vaccination was more than 10 years ago. You will receive detailed vaccination recommendations from us upon registration.