Manipur is a state in north-eastern India, bordering Myanmar. It is known for its lush vegetation, rich culture and diverse ethnic groups.
Location and size
Manipur is located in north-eastern India and is the fourth smallest of the seven states in the region. It has an area of around 22,300 square kilometers and is therefore roughly the size of the German state of Hesse.
Manipur is a hilly state with an average altitude of around 750 meters. The foothills of the Himalayas lie to the north and east of the state, while the Indo-Gangetic Plain extends to the south and west.
The climate in Manipur is tropical. The monsoon season lasts from June to September and brings plenty of rainfall. The average annual temperature is around 24 degrees Celsius.
The population of Manipur is around 2.8 million people. The largest ethnic group is the Meiteis, who make up around 60% of the population. Numerous other ethnic groups also live in Manipur, including Kukis, Nagas and Chakmas.
The official language of Manipur is Meitei. Numerous other languages are also spoken in the state, including Hindi, English and Assamese.
The majority of the population of Manipur is Hindu. There is also a significant Buddhist minority.
The economy of Manipur is primarily based on agriculture. The most important crops are rice, maize, tea and spices. There are also several industries, including textiles and wood processing.
Manipur has a number of sights to offer, including:
- The Shri Govindaji Mandir, a Hindu temple dating back to the 18th century
- The Keibul Lamjao National Park, the only elephant seal national park in the world
- The Loktak Lake District, the largest marshland in India
- The Moirang Manipur Archeological Park, an archaeological park with ruins from the Bronze Age