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Bhutan in nutshell


Bhutan in a nutshell

The most important information about Bhutan in a table
Below you will find everything you need to know about Bhutan clearly summarized in a table. If something important is not explained for you, please do not hesitate to contact us.
Location On the southern slopes of the north-eastern Himalayas between Tibet to the north and north-west, Sikkim to the west, West Bengal and Assam to the south and Arunachal Pradesh to the east.
Area 46,500 km²
Inhabitants Ca. 730’000
Capital Thimpu, 2400 m.a.s.l.
Districts 20: Bumthang, Chukha, Dagana, Gasa, Haa, Lhuntse, Mongar, Paro, Pemagatshel, Punakha, Samdrup Jongkhar, Samtse, Sarpang, Thimphu, Trashigang, Trashiyangtse, Trongsa, Tsirang, Wangdue Phodrang, Zhemgang
Topography Bhutan’s Himalayan mountains range from the fertile plains of the Brahmaputra Valley at 200 meters in the south to glaciated Himalayan peaks at over 7500 meters. Bhutan’s highest mountain is Mt. Kulakangri (7553m) in the north. Also in Bhutan is the highest unclimbed mountain in the world, Mt. Ganthar Peunsum (7541m).
Vegetation Alpine, forest-free vegetation from 4000 m, mixed and coniferous forests of the temperate zone (2000 – 4000 m) and subtropical forests from 200 to 2000 m.
Forest covers 72% of the country.
Flora & Fauna Bhutan is not only a country of great scenic charm, but is also home to a highly interesting flora and fauna. The fauna and flora are a colorful mixture of species that contain elements from the Indian subcontinent as well as Central Asia and Southeast Asia.
Climate Tropical, subtropical, temperate and alpine zones. Monsoon rains in summer from July to August
Snow line About 5000 m
Forest boundary About 3900 m
Temperatures Thimpu, 2300 m: June – September: + 15°C – + 26°C.Summer: + 13°C – + 28°C.
January: – 3°C – + 16°C.
In between approx. + 15 – + 25°C
Precipitation In the temperate zone: approx. 100 cm per year.
In the south: over 700 cm per year
The summer monsoon lasts from July to mid-September, with the heaviest rainfall expected in August.
Languages The official language is Dzongkha, which is related to Tibetan and is spoken by around 75% of the population. The alphabet corresponds to Tibetan. Approx. 25 % speak Nepali. English is also widely spoken and has been taught in schools since 1964. Due to the remoteness of many villages, 24 different dialects have been preserved. Sharchop Kha, the northern dialect, is the most widespread
Alphabetization Ca. 47% (women: 34%)
Religions The state religion is Vajrayana Buddhism, a tantric form of Mahayana Buddhism to which around 75% of the population belong. The Nepalese immigrants who make up the majority of the population in the south are mostly followers of Hinduism (approx. 20%). There is also a small Muslim minority in the south.
Main economic sector

Main exports
90% of the population lives from agriculture and animal husbandry: Maize, tour, wheat, barley, buckwheat, millet. Livestock breeding.
Electricity (hydroelectric power plants), cement, wood products, fruit, alcoholic beverages. Tourism
Journey Flight to Kolkota or Delhi in India, Bangkok (Thailand) or Kathmandu (Nepal). Onward flight with the national airline Druk Air to Paro, Bhutan.
It is possible to enter the country by land via Phuntsoling in the west of the country, via Bagdogra Airport in West Bengal or via Samdrup Jongkhar in the east of the country via Guwahati Airport in the Indian state of Assam. There are daily flights from Guwahati and Bagdogra to Kolkota and Delhi.
Souvenirs Stamps, hand-woven textiles, carved wooden masks, thangkhas (Buddhist images of saints), wooden bowls, handmade paper, jewelry. The purchase and sale of antiques is strictly prohibited.